ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Impact of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors on Sympathetic Nervous System Activity Detected by Sympathetic Activity Index and LF/HF Ratio in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2022; 50(6): 415-421 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2022.22403

Impact of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors on Sympathetic Nervous System Activity Detected by Sympathetic Activity Index and LF/HF Ratio in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Akif Serhat Balcıoğlu, Enes Çelik, Ekrem Aksu, Ahmet Çağrı Aykan
Department of Cardiology, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey


OBJECTIVE
Cardiac autonomic neuropathy is a serious microvascular complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus that affects a significant portion of patients. Due to decreased parasympathetic activity, the sympathetic nervous system becomes dominant, causing several problems that lead to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors have been shown to reduce sympathetic nervous system activity previously. This is a promising finding for restoring the impaired sympathovagal balance in cardiac autonomic neuropathy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of at least 6 months of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor treatment on sympathetic nervous system activity with sympathetic activity index and heart rate variability parameters in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.


METHODS
Holter-electrocardiogram recordings of 50 patients who were using a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (empagliflozin or dapagliflozin) for at least 6 months and 50 patients who did not were analyzed retrospectively. The sympathetic activity index and heart rate variability parameters of these 2 groups, which were similar in terms of age, gender, hemoglobin A1c, and duration of diabetes, were compared.


RESULTS
The ratio of low-frequency to high-frequency power reflecting the sympathovagal balance [−1.495 (−2.165/−1.196) vs. −1.224 (−1.619/−0.863), P =.008] and sympathetic activity index [1.44 (1.06/2.76) vs. 2.47 (1.42/3.68), P =.009] was lower in the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor group than in the control group. In addition, the sympathetic activity index was correlated with the ratio of low-frequency to high-frequency power (r = 0.418, P <.001).


CONCLUSION
Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor treatment for at least 6 months was found to result in lower values of sympathetic activity index and the ratio of low-frequency to high-frequency power in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. These findings indicate lower sympathetic nervous system activity, which supports the sympathoinhibitor effects of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors.

Keywords: Cardiac autonomic neuropathy, glifl,, ozins, sympathetic activity index, sympathovagal balance

How to cite this article
Akif Serhat Balcıoğlu, Enes Çelik, Ekrem Aksu, Ahmet Çağrı Aykan. Impact of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors on Sympathetic Nervous System Activity Detected by Sympathetic Activity Index and LF/HF Ratio in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2022; 50(6): 415-421

Corresponding Author: Akif Serhat Balcıoğlu, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English


Journal Metrics

Journal Citation Indicator: 0.18
CiteScore: 1.1
Source Normalized Impact
per Paper:
0.22
SCImago Journal Rank: 0.348

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