Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2017; 45(2): 160-166 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2016.73557
Using cardiovascular imaging modalities to determine cardiac disorders before starting sports activities
, Timur Meşe2
, Alper Hazım Gürsu31
Department of Pediatricş, Dr. Behçet Uz Childrens Hospital, Izmir/Turkey2
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Dr. Behçet Uz Childrens Hospital3
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Sivas Numune Hospital, Sivas/Turkey
OBJECTIVE We re-examined children who had previously been declared eligible to participate in competitive sports activities for cardiac disorders, using cardiac investigation protocol.
METHODS Total of 250 children (224 males [89.6%], and 26 females [10.4%]) between the ages of 8 and 17 years who had just started or were already engaged in sports activities were included in the study. Participants had detailed physical examination evaluated by a pediatric cardiologist. Those with findings suggesting cardiac disorder in their history and/or physical examinations, and/or 12-channel electrocardiography (ECG) were examined with echocardiography (ECHO), 24-hour Holter monitoring, and exercise test.
RESULTS Mean duration of participation in sports activities was 13 months. Among all, 10.4% of the children had abnormalities on ECG. ECHO demonstrated cardiomyopathy in 1, mitral valve prolapse in 2, tricuspid insufficiency in 2, and mitral insufficiency in 1 participant. Holter monitoring revealed non-sustained ventricular tachycardia attacks in 1, and supraventricular tachycardia in another child. Three were ultimately disqualified from partaking in competitive sports.
CONCLUSION Sports and medical communities must work together to establish study protocols to prevent sudden death related to sports and to make these activities safer for athletes. Pediatric cardiology consultation for young athletes before they start sports activities is needed.
Arrhythmias, echocardiography, physical activity, sports.
How to cite this article
Özgür Ceylan, Timur Meşe, Alper Hazım Gürsu. Using cardiovascular imaging modalities to determine cardiac disorders before starting sports activities. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2017; 45(2): 160-166
Corresponding Author: Alper Hazım Gürsu, Türkiye