ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Epicardial Ventricular Tachycardia [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2013; 41(8): 746-754 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2013.41514

Epicardial Ventricular Tachycardia

Hasan Garan
Division of Cardiology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, USA

In ventricular tachycardia (VT) arising in the myocardial tissue, the site of origin may be the endocardium, mid-myocardium or epicardium. The incidence of epicardial origin varies with the underlying heart disease, and is probably not more than 20% in ischemic heart disease and higher in non-ischemic cardiomyopathies. Percutaneous subxiphoid access to the pericardial space has enabled a non-surgical approach to catheter mapping and ablation of epicardial VT. Several algorithms are available for electrocardiographic recognition of epicardial origin. Idiopathic epicardial VTs are rare but may be curable by catheter ablation. The electrophysiologic principles guiding the mapping and ablation of epicardial VTs are similar to those used for endocardial VTs, but the biophysics of energy delivery may be different. Complications of the epicardial approach are also different from those of endocardial ablation, and specific precautions have to be taken to protect the coronary arteries and phrenic nerves and to avoid pericardial tamponade.

Keywords: Catheter ablation, electrocardiography, epicardial mapping/ methods; myocardial ischemia/diagnosis; tachycardia, ventricular/ diagnosis.

How to cite this article
Hasan Garan. Epicardial Ventricular Tachycardia. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2013; 41(8): 746-754

Corresponding Author: Hasan Garan, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English

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