Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Approach to cardiovascular disease in women [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2018; 46(1): 1-44 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2018.37913

Approach to cardiovascular disease in women

Rezzan Deniz Acar1, Meryem Aktoz2, Oya Atamaner3, Saide Aytekin4, Evin Bozçalı Polat4, Hülya Gamze Çelik5, Ömer Çelik3, Betül Cengiz Elçioğlu4, Irem Dinçer6, Emine Gazi7, Öykü Gülmez8, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu9, Nurgül Keser10, Necla Özer11, Ayşe Saatçi Yaşar12, Asife Şahinarslan13, Türkan Seda Tan Kürklü6, Lale Tokgözoğlu11, Aylin Hatice Yamaç14, Özlem Yıldırımtürk15, Dilek Çiçek Yılmaz16, Neslihan Yılmaz17
1Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Edirne, Turkey
3Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Turkey
4Department of Cardiology, Koç University Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
5Department of Cardiology, American Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
6Department of Cardiology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
7Department of Cardiology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Medicine, Çanakkale, Turkey
8Deparment of Cardiology, Başkent University İstanbul Application and Research Center Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
9Department of Cardiology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
10Department of Cardiology, Sakarya University Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey
11Department of Cardiology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
12Department of Cardiology, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
13Department of Cardiology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
14Department of Cardiology, Bezmialem University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
15Department of Cardiology, Dr. Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
16Department of Cardiology, Mersin University Faculty of Medicine, Mersin, Turkey
17Department of Rheumatology, İstanbul Bilim University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women is still not completely understood by either patients or physicians. It is perceived as a health problem that becomes manifest only after menopause; however, it is the most frequent cause of mortality in women and is often seen at an earlier age in the presence of risk factors. Moreover, the symptoms, course, and prognosis are quite different from those seen in men, and both physicians and patients remain inadequately aware of the character of the disease. In the approach to female patients, some risk factors inherent to women should be considered in addition to the classic factors. In this review article, aspects of CVD that are different in women, etiological factors, risk factors specific to women, and particular points to be taken into consideration in the treatment and diagnosis are illustrated in the form of questions and responses from experts.

Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, women, menopause.

How to cite this article
Rezzan Deniz Acar, Meryem Aktoz, Oya Atamaner, Saide Aytekin, Evin Bozçalı Polat, Hülya Gamze Çelik, Ömer Çelik, Betül Cengiz Elçioğlu, Irem Dinçer, Emine Gazi, Öykü Gülmez, Meral Kayıkçıoğlu, Nurgül Keser, Necla Özer, Ayşe Saatçi Yaşar, Asife Şahinarslan, Türkan Seda Tan Kürklü, Lale Tokgözoğlu, Aylin Hatice Yamaç, Özlem Yıldırımtürk, Dilek Çiçek Yılmaz, Neslihan Yılmaz. Approach to cardiovascular disease in women. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2018; 46(1): 1-44

Corresponding Author: Rezzan Deniz Acar, Türkiye
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