ISSN 1016-5169 | E-ISSN 1308-4488
Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
Cardiologists’ Awareness of the Relationship Between Periodontal Diseases and Cardiovascular Diseases: A Region-Wide Survey in Türkiye [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2023; 51(8): 557-564 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2023.24782

Cardiologists’ Awareness of the Relationship Between Periodontal Diseases and Cardiovascular Diseases: A Region-Wide Survey in Türkiye

Süheyla Kaya1, Deniz Kaptan Özen2, Gökçe Aykol Şahin3, Bülent Mutlu4
1Department of Periodontology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Cardiology, VM Medicalpark Kocaeli Hospital, Kocaeli, Türkiye
3Department of Periodontology, İstanbul Okan University, İstanbul, Türkiye
4Department of Cardiology, Marmara University, İstanbul, Türkiye


OBJECTIVE
The relationship between oral health and general health has gained increased attention in recent years. This study sought to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of cardiologists in Türkiye concerning the link between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD).


METHODS
After a pilot test, a modified survey was dispatched to 1,894 practicing cardiologists in Türkiye. Two mailings were carried out, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.


RESULTS
Of the 1,894 cardiologists surveyed, 166 responded, yielding a response rate of 11.5%. The majority of respondents (77%) were male and held professional positions in academia (45%), as assistant doctors (17.5%), or in private practice (12.7%). Ninety percent of respondents accurately recognized periodontal disease as a chronic, multifactorial inflammatory disease. Meanwhile, 78% concurred that inflammation is a pivotal connection between periodontal disease and CVD. On the topic of whether treating periodontal disease could reduce a patient’s CVD risk, 37% of the polled cardiologists expressed uncertainty, while 9% disagreed. Seventy six percent believed that periodontists and cardiologists should collaborate to reduce shared risk factors for both cardiovascular and periodontal diseases. Additionally, 80% expressed interest in deepening their understanding of the link between periodontitis and CVD.


CONCLUSION
While the vast majority of participants acknowledged that microbially-associated, host-mediated inflammation is a hallmark of periodontitis, consensus was lacking on inflammation being the primary factor linking periodontal diseases and CVDs. The majority of respondents expressed eagerness understand better the relationship between these two diseases, with the intention of enhancing oral health content in medical school and attending relevant seminars.

Keywords: Cardiologists’ awareness, cardiovascular diseases, clinical guidelines, inflammation, periodontitis

How to cite this article
Süheyla Kaya, Deniz Kaptan Özen, Gökçe Aykol Şahin, Bülent Mutlu. Cardiologists’ Awareness of the Relationship Between Periodontal Diseases and Cardiovascular Diseases: A Region-Wide Survey in Türkiye. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2023; 51(8): 557-564

Corresponding Author: Süheyla Kaya
Manuscript Language: English


Journal Metrics

Journal Citation Indicator: 0.18
CiteScore: 1.1
Source Normalized Impact
per Paper:
0.22
SCImago Journal Rank: 0.348

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