Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2015; 43(6): 536-541 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2015.28928
Evaluation of depression and anxiety in parents of children undergoing cardiac catheterization
, Osman Başpınar2
, Feridun Bülbül3
, Sibel Yavuz1
, Metin Kılınç21
Deparment Of Pediatrics, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep2
Department Of Pediatric Cardiology, Gaziantep Unversity, Gaziantep3
Department Of Psychiatry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine pre-procedure depression and anxiety levels among a group of parents whose children had congenital heart disease and were undergoing angiography.
METHODS The study comprised parents of 73 congenital heart disease patients undergoing angiography. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were used to evaluate the depression and anxiety scores.
RESULTS Sixty-one patients (83.6%) had acyanotic congenital heart disease, and 25 patients (34.2%) were undergoing diagnostic angiography. BDI scores among the mothers determined that 8 (11%) had mild, 14 (19.2%) moderate, and 10 (13.7%) severe depression. Their BAI scores showed that 16 (21.9%) had mild, 8 (11%) moderate, and 13 (17.8%) severe anxiety. BDI scores for the fathers showed that 12 (16.4%) had mild, 10 (13.7%) moderate, and 8 (11%) severe depression. Their BAI scores showed that 12 (16.4%) had mild, 10 (13.7%) moderate, and 8 (11%) severe anxiety. A comparison of mothers of cyanotic patients and those of acyanotic patients in terms of depression and anxiety levels revealed a statistically significant difference (p=0.050 and 0.043, respectively).
CONCLUSION Angiography was associated with increased levels of depression and anxiety in parents of children with congenital heart diseases. In comparison to parents of patients with acyanotic congenital heart disease, mothers of patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease had significantly higher levels of depression and anxiety.
Angiography, anxiety, congenital heart disease, depression; family
How to cite this article
Ahmet Üzger, Osman Başpınar, Feridun Bülbül, Sibel Yavuz, Metin Kılınç. Evaluation of depression and anxiety in parents of children undergoing cardiac catheterization. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2015; 43(6): 536-541
Corresponding Author: Osman Başpınar, Türkiye