Archives of the
Turkish Society of Cardiology
Original Article - Echocardiography

The effects of smokeless tobacco “Maras powder” and smoking on aortic elasticity in young adults

1.

Adıyaman Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Kardiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Adıyaman

2.

Kahramanmaraş Necip Fazıl Şehir Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Kliniği, Kahramanmaraş

3.

Afşin Devlet Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Kliniği, Kahramanmaraş

4.

Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Kardiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Kahramanmaraş

Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology 2014; 42: 741-746
DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2014.87935
Read: 426 Downloads: 95 Published: 01 July 2021

Objectives: Stiffness index beta (SIB), aortic strain (AS) and distensibility (AD) are the parameters used to assess elasticity of the aorta, and can be measured by non-invasive method such as echocardiography. In this study, we aimed to analyse the effects of Maraş powder and smoking on aortic stiffness by comparing young individuals.

Study design: The study included 90 male subjects aged 18-40 years. 30 subjects were Maras powder users (mean age; 32±2), 30 were smokers (mean age: 28±2) and 30 were healthy volunteers (mean age: 29±2). After detailed physical examination, all subjects underwent transthoracic echocardiography. Systolic and diastolic diameters of the aorta were measured from the ascending aorta at modified parasternal long axis views by M-mode echocardiography. AS, AD, and SIB were calculated using standard formulae. Group parameters were then compared to each other.

Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of demographic and clinical features, including blood pressures, lipid profile and serum creatinine (p>0.05). Although AS and AD were lower, and SIB was higher in the Maraş powder and smoking groups compared to the control group, the difference between groups was not statistically significant (for AS: 17.61±2.22, 17.75±1.93, 18.48±2.02 respectively, for AD: 9.03±1.12, 9.14±0.96, 9.9±1.12, respectively, for SIB: 2.72±1.07, 2.59±0.88, 2.37±0.71 respectively, for all p>0.05).

Conclusion: Our study revealed that smoking and Maraş powder did not lead to a significant change in elasticity of the aorta in individuals under the age of 40.

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TURKISH
ISSN 1016-5169 EISSN 1308-4488