Archives of the
Turkish Society of Cardiology
Original Article

Hypertension: A National Cross-Sectional Study in India


Kolkata Hematology Education and Research Initiatives, Kolkata, India


Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and EBM, al-Farabi Kazakh National University Faculty of Medicine and Health Care, Almaty, Kazakhstan


Department of Education and Human Potentials Development, National Dong-Hwa University, Hualien, Taiwan


Department of Public Health Science, School of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden

Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology 2022; 50: 276-283
DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2022.21207
Read: 352 Downloads: 67 Published: 01 June 2022

Objective: Hypertension is a global public health problem. This article aimed to estimate the national prevalence of hypertension in India for both women and men. The study had also examined the demographic and socioeconomic status of hypertensive women and men.

Methods: The study used the National Family Health Survey 4 from all over India. Hypertension of 661 771 women (15-49 years) and 104 357 men (15-54 years) and their demographic and socioeconomic variables were assessed. Crosstabulation, chi-square tests, and multivariate logistic regression were used.

Results: The prevalence of hypertension in women and men were 11.40% and 18.10%, respec- tively. State-wise, Sikkim had shown the maximum prevalence. Older women (45-49 years) and men (50-54 years) had the highest hypertension prevalence among all age groups. Urban people had shown proportionately more hypertension than rural people. Education, working status, and richer economic status emerged as significant risk factors. Women with lower edu- cational status and men with higher educational status were more likely to be hypertensive. Working people were more hypertensive than their non-working peers. Economically, sound men were more hypertensive than poor people. Hypertensive people accessed medical care more.

Conclusion: There are various modifiable risk socioeconomic factors associated with hyperten- sion. Policymakers can consider the current findings for better preventive planning. The risk factors identified in the study should be considered with appropriate weightage.

Cite this article as: Chakraborty S, Ussatayeva G, Lee M, Dalal K. Hypertension: A national cross-sectional study in India. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2022;50(4):276-283.

ISSN 1016-5169 EISSN 1308-4488