Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
The effects of smokeless tobacco “Maras powder” and smoking on aortic elasticity in young adults [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014; 42(8): 741-746 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2014.87935

The effects of smokeless tobacco “Maras powder” and smoking on aortic elasticity in young adults

Arif Süner1, Durmuş Eren Cabioğlu2, Hakan Kaya1, Sedat Köroğlu3, Gülizar Sökmen4, Abdullah Sökmen4
1Adiyaman University, Faculty Of Medicine, Cardiology Department, Adiyaman, Turkey
2Kahramanmaras Necip Fazıl City Hospital, Cardiology Department, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
3Afsin State Hospital, Cardiology Department, Kahramanmaras, Turkey
4Sutcu Imam University, Faculty Of Medicine, Cardiology Department, Kahramanmaras, Turkey


OBJECTIVES
Stiffness index beta (SIB), aortic strain (AS) and distensibility (AD) are the parameters used to assess elasticity of the aorta, and can be measured by non-invasive method such as echocardiography. In this study, we aimed to analyse the effects of Maraş powder and smoking on aortic stiffness by comparing young individuals.

STUDY DESIGN
The study included 90 male subjects aged 18-40 years. 30 subjects were Maras powder users (mean age; 32±2), 30 were smokers (mean age: 28±2) and 30 were healthy volunteers (mean age: 29±2). After detailed physical examination, all subjects underwent transthoracic echocardiography. Systolic and diastolic diameters of the aorta were measured from the ascending aorta at modified parasternal long axis views by M-mode echocardiography. AS, AD, and SIB were calculated using standard formulae. Group parameters were then compared to each other.

RESULTS
There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of demographic and clinical features, including blood pressures, lipid profile and serum creatinine (p>0.05). Although AS and AD were lower, and SIB was higher in the Maraş powder and smoking groups compared to the control group, the difference between groups was not statistically significant (for AS: 17.61±2.22, 17.75±1.93, 18.48±2.02 respectively, for AD: 9.03±1.12, 9.14±0.96, 9.9±1.12, respectively, for SIB: 2.72±1.07, 2.59±0.88, 2.37±0.71 respectively, for all p>0.05).

CONCLUSION
Our study revealed that smoking and Maraş powder did not lead to a significant change in elasticity of the aorta in individuals under the age of 40.

Keywords: Aortic elasticity, aortic stiffness, Maras powder, smoke.

How to cite this article
Arif Süner, Durmuş Eren Cabioğlu, Hakan Kaya, Sedat Köroğlu, Gülizar Sökmen, Abdullah Sökmen. The effects of smokeless tobacco “Maras powder” and smoking on aortic elasticity in young adults. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014; 42(8): 741-746

Corresponding Author: Arif Süner, Türkiye
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