Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
A Review of Significant Research on Epileptic Seizure Detection and Prediction using Heart Rate Variability [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. Ahead of Print: TKDA-64928 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2018.64928

A Review of Significant Research on Epileptic Seizure Detection and Prediction using Heart Rate Variability

Soroor Behbahani
Department of Electrical Engineering, Garmsar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Garmsar, Iran

Epilepsy is a brain disorder that many people are struggling with whole the world. Despite the extensive research, epilepsy has not lost its importance as a challenge without a resolute solution. The confusion in providing a specific approach can be due to the variety of epileptic seizures and its effectiveness of different environmental conditions. Some patients with epilepsy undergo treatment through medication or surgery. However, epileptic patients suffer from unpredictable conditions that may occur at any moment. Given the origins of these seizures, researchers have focused on predicting epileptic seizures via electroencephalogram (EEG). The results also indicate some successes in this regard. The same success led to the focus on optimizing these methods and even evaluation of the epilepsy prediction through other vital signals. On the other hand, sympathetic and parasympathetic inhibitory effects are undeniable during epileptic seizures. The emergence of this conflict is the change in heart rate. In recent years several investigations have started on the behavioral study of heart rate changes before the seizures. Acceptable outcomes have resulted in algorithms for classifying and predicting epileptic seizures using the electrocardiogram (ECG) and more clearly heart rate variability (HRV). This article presents an overview of seizure detection and prediction methods and discusses their potential in improving the quality of life of epileptic patients.

Keywords: Epilepsy, Detection, Prediction, ECG, HRV

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Corresponding Author: Soroor Behbahani, Iran
© Copyright 2018 Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
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