Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. Ahead of Print: TKDA-57794 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2018.57794
Effect of hunger strike on electrocardiographic parameters
Gültekin Faik Hobikoglu1
, Mehmet Urumdaş2
, Ahmet Güner3
, Regayip Zehir3
, Yalçın Özkurt11
Department Of Cardiology,karatay University, Istanbul, Turkey2
Department Of Cardiology, Silivri Prison State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey3
Kosuyolu Kartal Training And Research Hospital, Department Of Cardiology, Istanbul, Turkey
In this study, electrocardiograms (ECG) of detainees and convicts proceeding on hunger strike are compared with those taken after the hunger strike.
Between September 2012-November 2012, 81 male (mean age 41±9.4 years) detainees and convicts on hunger strike approximately 45 ± 9.6 days long were conducted in this study. The mean duration of fasting was 45±9.6 days. Blood pressures, body weights and serum electrolytes (Na, K, Ca) obtained on the last day of the hunger strike and 2 months after it. 12-lead ECGs obtained on the last day of the starvation and 2 months after starvation were scanned, transferred to high-resolution computer screens and evaluated.
On an average 6 ± 3.7 kg loss was observed in 81 patients on hunger strike. When the ECGs taken on the last day of the starvation were evaluated, 16 (19.7%) early repolarization (ER) (inferior: 10, lateral: 5, inferolateral: 1) were detected and in those taken two months after the strike 4 (4.9%) early repolarization (inferior: 3, lateral: 1) (p<0.001) were detected. Significant difference was found in PR interval (157±75 ms vs. 153±23 ms, p: 0.035) and QRS duration (95±73 vs. 92±11, p: 0.001) whereas there was no difference in terms of heart rate (p: 0.068). Additionaly, there was no significant difference in terms of electrolyte levels between last day of hunger strike and 2 months after hunger strike.
For the first time long-term starvation is found to be associated with ER.
Hunger Strike, electrocardiogram, early repolarization.
How to cite this article
Corresponding Author: Ahmet Güner, Türkiye