Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2016; 44(1): 37-44 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2015.39345
Microvascular obstruction due to thrombosis and fibrin deposition in myocardial infarction
, Seyhun Solakoğlu4
, Öner Doğan3
, Murat Sezer1
, Sabahattin Umman21
Yeditepe University Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Istanbul, Turkey2
Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, İstanbul, Turkey3
Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, İstanbul, Turkey4
Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Histology And Embryology, İstanbul, T
OBJECTIVE It is widely known that myocardial damage is not immediately terminated after the elimination of epicardial occlusion in cases of myocardial infarction. In situ thrombosis during epicardial occlusion might contribute to poor myocardial perfusion after reperfusion of an occluded epicardial artery. In the current study, we sought to determine the effects of ischemia and reperfusion on microvascular thrombotic occlusion.
METHODS Thirty male Wistar rats were included in the study. After the rats had been anesthetized and thoracotomized, the left coronary artery was occluded for 30 minutes in the first group, and it was occluded for 30 minutes and reperfused for an additional 20 minutes in the second group. Ten rats were used as a sham-operated control group. After completion of the study protocol, excised heart preparations were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy.
RESULTS A significant difference was found between the infarction plus reperfusion group and the other 2 groups, with respect to microvascular fibrin and thrombocyte deposition in immunohistochemistry analysis. These results were confirmed by morphological examination with electron microscopy.
CONCLUSION In situ fibrin formation accompanies microvascular obstruction in acute myocardial infarction. Our results indicate that additional therapeutic approaches are needed in order to achieve better tissue perfusion in contemporary treatment of acute myocardial infarction after successful reopening of the infarct-related artery.
Microvascular flow, fibrin; myocardial infarction; no-reflow phenomenon; reperfusion injury.
Emre Aslanger, Seyhun Solakoğlu, Öner Doğan, Murat Sezer, Sabahattin Umman. Microvascular obstruction due to thrombosis and fibrin deposition in myocardial infarction. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2016; 44(1): 37-44
Corresponding Author: Emre Aslanger, Türkiye