ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to a spontaneous thrombus in the left anterior descending artery in a young HIV-infected patient [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2011; 39(4): 308-311 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2011.01266

ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to a spontaneous thrombus in the left anterior descending artery in a young HIV-infected patient

Mehmet Çilingiroğlu, Navneet Lather, Amir Youseff, Tarek Helmy
University of Cincinnati Medical School, Section of Cardiology, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

With increasing life expectancy due to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated morbidity and mortality has shifted from opportunistic infections toward associated chronic medical conditions. We report on a 26-year-old female patient receiving HAART for HIV infection, who developed spontaneous thrombosis of the proximal left anterior descending (LAD) artery, resulting in acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction. She had none of the conventional risk factors for the development of coronary artery disease. Following diagnostic coronary angiography that showed a large (16x3.4 mm) spontaneous thrombus in the proximal LAD artery, percutaneous coronary intervention was performed with prior aspiration of the occluding thrombus and implantation of a bare-metal stent. The patient was discharged with instruction of appropriate medical therapy. This case highlights the association between immunosuppression with HAART, particularly protease inhibitors, and the development of accelerated atherosclerosis in patients with HIV infection.

Keywords: Angioplasty, balloon, coronary, antiretroviral therapy, highly active/adverse effects; coronary disease/etiology; HIV infections/complications; myocardial infarction

How to cite this article
Mehmet Çilingiroğlu, Navneet Lather, Amir Youseff, Tarek Helmy. ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to a spontaneous thrombus in the left anterior descending artery in a young HIV-infected patient. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2011; 39(4): 308-311

Corresponding Author: Mehmet Çilingiroğlu, Türkiye
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