Intracardiac thrombus in children with dilated cardiomyopathy [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014; 42(2): 161-167 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2014.81593

Intracardiac thrombus in children with dilated cardiomyopathy

Ahmet İrdem, Osman Başpınar, Mehmet Kervancıoğlu, Metin Kılınç
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Gaziantep University Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep


OBJECTIVES
The risk of fatal pulmonary and systemic thromboembolism is high in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy with cardiac thrombus. This study was planned to reveal the efficacy of antiaggregant therapy in patients with low left ventricular systolic ejection fraction (LVEF).

STUDY DESIGN
The present study retrospectively reviewed the files of 83 cases (42 males, 41 females) with dilated cardiomyopathy who were followed between June 2004 and December 2011.

RESULTS
Intracardiac thrombus was detected in five (6%) cases; of these five patients, dilated cardiomyopathy was idiopathic in four and secondary to chronic renal failure in one. The cases were followed for a mean of 33.6±35.6 months (3 days-168 months). Mean LVEF on transthoracic echocardiography was found as 35.2±2.7% (32-38%) for the cases with intracardiac thrombus, whereas it was 34.7±11.0% (10-55%) for the cases without intracardiac thrombus. No statistically significant difference was found between the groups (p=0.910). Cases with LVEF ≤30% were routinely receiving acetylsalicylic acid at antiaggregant dose.

CONCLUSION
We think that prophylactic antithrombotic/antiaggregant therapy should be started at the time of diagnosis even in patients with LVEF >30%, as thrombus development was seen in cases with LVEF >30% without any antiaggregant therapy.

Keywords: Cardiomyopathy, dilated/complications, child; coronary thrombosis; thrombectomy; ventricular dysfunction, left/complications.

How to cite this article
Ahmet İrdem, Osman Başpınar, Mehmet Kervancıoğlu, Metin Kılınç. Intracardiac thrombus in children with dilated cardiomyopathy. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2014; 42(2): 161-167

Corresponding Author: Ahmet İrdem, Türkiye
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