The opinion of Turkish cardiologists on current malpractice system and an alternative patient compensation system proposal: PCS study group [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2017; 45(7): 630-637 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2017.39455

The opinion of Turkish cardiologists on current malpractice system and an alternative patient compensation system proposal: PCS study group

Ayhan Olcay1, Sadık Volkan Emren2, Gamze Babür Güler3, Ekrem Güler3, Vedat Ertunç4, Rida Berilgen5, Abdullah Aslan6, Ersin Çağrı Şimşek7, Şükriye Ebru Gölcük8, Kıvanç Yalın9
1Department of Cardiology, İstanbul Aydın University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Afyonkarahisar State Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
3Department of Cardiology, İstanbul Medipol University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey
4Department of Cardiology, Doğan Hastanesi, İstanbul, Turkey
5Department of Cardiology, İzmir Atakalp Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
6Department of Cardiology, Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey
7Department of Cardiology, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey
8Department of Cardiology, Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Balıkesir, Turkey
9Department of Cardiology, Uşak University Faculty of Medicine, Uşak, Turkey


OBJECTIVE
Cardiologists participate in the diagnosis and interventional treatment of numerous high-risk patients. The goal of this study was to investigate how the current malpractice system in Turkey influences cardiologists’ diagnostic and interventional behavior and to obtain their opinions about an alternative patient compensation system.

METHODS
The present cross-sectional study assessed the practice of defensive medicine among cardiologists who are actively working in various types of workplace within the Turkish healthcare system. A 24-item questionnaire was distributed to cardiology residents, specialists, and academics in Turkey in print format, by electronic mail, or via cell phone message.

RESULTS
A total of 253 cardiologists responded to the survey. Among them, 29 (11.6%) had been sued for malpractice claims in the past. Of the cardiologists who had been sued, 2 (6.9%) had been ordered to pay financial compensation, and 1 (3.4%) was given a sentence of imprisonment due to negligence. In all, 132 (52.8%) of the surveyed cardiologists reported that they had changed their practices due to fear of litigation, and 232 (92.8%) reported that they would prefer the new proposed patient compensation system to the current malpractice system. Among the cardiologists surveyed, 78.8% indicated that malpractice fear had affected their decision-making with regard to requesting computed tomography angiography or thallium scintigraphy, 71.6% for coronary angiography, 20% for stent implantation, and 83.2% for avoiding treating high-risk patients.

CONCLUSION
The results of this survey demonstrated that cardiologists may request unnecessary tests and perform unneeded interventions due to the fear of malpractice litigation fear. Many also avoid high-risk patients and interventions. The majority indicated that they would prefer the proposed alternative patient compensation system to the current malpractice system.

Keywords: Cardiology, defensive medicine, malpractice, patient compensation system.

Ayhan Olcay, Sadık Volkan Emren, Gamze Babür Güler, Ekrem Güler, Vedat Ertunç, Rida Berilgen, Abdullah Aslan, Ersin Çağrı Şimşek, Şükriye Ebru Gölcük, Kıvanç Yalın. The opinion of Turkish cardiologists on current malpractice system and an alternative patient compensation system proposal: PCS study group. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2017; 45(7): 630-637

Corresponding Author: Ayhan Olcay, Türkiye
© copyright 2017 Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
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