The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: PURE Turkey [Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars]
Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2018; 46(7): 613-623 | DOI: 10.5543/tkda.2018.32967

The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: PURE Turkey

Aytekin Oğuz1, Özge Telci Çaklılı2, Burcu Tümerdem Çalık3
1Department of Internal Medicine, Istanbul Medeniyet University Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Internal Medicine, Kocaeli State Hospital, Kocaeli, Turkey
3Department of Health Management, Marmara University Health Sciences Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey


OBJECTIVE
The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a prospective cohort study that collects data on social, environmental, and individual risk factors and chronic diseases among residents of 25 countries in the range of 35 to 70 years of age, living in rural and urban areas. The PURE study is directed by the Population Health Research Institute of McMaster University in Canada.

METHODS
In Turkey, the study is being conducted in 8 cities. The initial fieldwork began in 2008. Questionnaires were completed, and anthropometric measurements, blood and urine samples, handgrip strength evaluations, electrocardiogram readings, and spirometer and body composition measurements were obtained. Each year, participants were followed up via telephone. Every third year, questionnaires, field measurements, and biological data sampling were repeated.

RESULTS
PURE Turkey has 4056 participants (female: 60.7%, male: 39.3%; mean age: 50±9.1 years). Among them, 43.9% had metabolic syndrome and 52.8% were obese. Furthermore, 41.1% were hypertensive and 51.7% had a total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL or were using a lipid-lowering agent. In patients with diabetes, 79.8% had low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels ≥100 mg/dL. Although a dramatic change was not observed in those parameters in the follow-up years, the prevalence of diabetes mellitus increased from 13.7% in 2008 to 21% in 2015. The baseline and follow-up data of the PURE study were analyzed with the other countries participating in the study and reported for international publication.

CONCLUSION
The PURE study is a large, ongoing, prospective epidemiological study that is investigating the “causes of the causes” of noncommunicable diseases in the world. In addition to revealing the health status of nations, the study also has the potential to affect health politics.

Keywords: Diyabet, hiperlipidemi, hipertansiyon, Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology; Türkiye

How to cite this article
Aytekin Oğuz, Özge Telci Çaklılı, Burcu Tümerdem Çalık. The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: PURE Turkey. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars. 2018; 46(7): 613-623

Corresponding Author: Aytekin Oğuz, Türkiye
© Copyright 2018 Archives of the Turkish Society of Cardiology
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